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Octopus Maya



Common name
Octopus Maya

Scientific name
Octopus Maya

Other names
Four Eye Red Octopus

August to December



Known as the Mayan octopus, it is endemic to the Yucatan peninsula. Scientists believe that this species derives from an ancestor that appeared approximately 5 million years ago.


FAO Major Fishing Area 
Area 31 (Atlantic, Western Central)


The Mayan Octopus

Belongs to the group of octopods, they are an order of cephalopod molluscs that lack a shell and have eight arms. Each of these has two rows of sticky suction cups with which they strongly adhere to their prey and also allows them to hold on to rocks while moving, which occurs through the propulsion generated by throwing water, since they lack swimming fins.


It also has characteristic dots under its eye called ocelli, which give it the common name "four-eyed octopus." They are marine and carnivorous animals. It is distinguished from the common octopus by its shorter and thicker tentacles. The minimum size to market it is 450 grams, which is generally the weight and size of the Mayan octopus, whose characteristics are well defined by its width, head, size, color, and flavor.


Where does my seafood come from?


By 2050, there will be more plastic than fish in the world's oceans. 

yet the demand for seafood is increasing.


30% of seafood in the world is sourced through illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing operations.


Only in Mexico, 6 out of every 10 kilos of octopus 
that is sold in the market is illegal.

So, when was the last time that you were part of the seafood fraud?

Mexico is the third world producer of octopus and 99% of the world production of Mayan Octopus occurs in the Yucatan Peninsula.

More than 16,000 Mexican families support themselves thanks to the Octopus Maya.


The fishery is worth more than $145 million dollars annually, making it one the most socioeconomically important species in America. 


If we do not promote sustainable fishing of marine products and a more conscious consumption, future generations will only know these species through the anecdotes that we will tell them.


But you can help in the last opportunity to save the fishery of this unique product like the Mayan Octopus.


Do you really know where does your seafood come from?


The Maya Today

"We are the direct descendants of our ancient culture made up of expert builders, excellent astronomers, precise calendar keepers, and experienced artists. We give continuity to our traditions, our ways of thinking and our language, and we are worthy heirs of our origins. Weyano’one–we are here."

José Huchim Herrera, Yucatec Maya, Archaeologist and Architect


They developed a written language of hieroglyphs and invented the mathematical concept of zero. With their expertise in astronomy and mathematics, the Maya developed a complex and accurate calendar system. 


The octopus has been an important species for the Mayan people's diet, the image of the octopus in a ceremonial vase is proof of this.

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